The STD, Chlamydia has become so prevalent among young adults and adolescents, many wonder can you test for chlamydia at home? Today, people want to test sexual partners right on the spot, not to mention being able to have confidential results.
What Is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a very common disease that is caused by bacteria. There are three different species: Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumonia and Chlamydia trachomatis. The first two cause mainly respiratory infections, including pneumonia. Chlamydia trachomatis causes the sexually transmitted disease. It is estimated that in the United States each year there are more than 2.5 million new cases of infections with chlamydia, and it occurs more often in young people. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is estimated that 1 in 15 sexually active women, ages 14 to 19, currently have chlamydia.
Symptoms of Chlamydia
The bacteria is transmitted during sex. 75% of women infected with chlamydia show no symptoms until complications have appeared. Those that do have symptoms, often they are very mild and nearly painless. Symptoms can vary from person to person, and range from very mild to very severe. The symptoms almost always include discharge, in men and women. Women typically experience pain during sex, pain in the lower abdomen, and spotting between monthly menstruation cycles.
Since in many cases, Chlamydia does not produce tell-tale symptoms, it goes undiagnosed causing future problems, thus one of the reasons people now question can you test for chlamydia at home.
The Test for Chlamydia
The only way to know if you have Chlamydia is to have a test. According to the CDC, if you are sexually active and younger than 25, you should have annual testing. This always goes for older women with risk factors for STDs, such as if you have multiple partners, and all pregnant women.
Treatment of Chlamydia
When treated early, antibiotics can cure chlamydia quickly. You should inform your sexual partners as soon as you know. Also, your sexual partners should also be provided with the antibiotics, even if they do not have symptoms. And be aware, when sexual partners are not treated and cured, they can re-infect with chlamydia or pass the disease to another person.
If left untreated, in a woman, chlamydia, like other STDs, can transform into a more critical disease called inflammatory pelvic disease (PID) and can cause so much damage that it can render her infertile, meaning she cannot have children. The infection can travel up the fallopian tubes causing permanent pain, and scarring of the fallopian tubes. If a pregnant woman becomes infected, she can pass chlamydia to her baby during delivery. In the newborn, this disease can cause conjunctivitis and respiratory infections.
Preventing Chlamydial Infections
Since this is a sexually transmitted disease, it is necessary to take precautions in sexual relationships. The risk of STDs increases as the number of sexual partners increase, so sexually active people should use condoms in all intimate relationships. Also, there is evidence that regular testing and screening helps to prevent these STDs, so before getting involved with a new partner, test for STDs with at home kits.
When the disease is diagnosed early and treated correctly, healing is obtained in more than 95% of cases, usually with single doses of antibiotic, or with the classic one-week treatment. If the disease is not treated, think of the long-term complications that can occur. Sterility, Ectopic pregnancies or miscarriages, complications in full-term pregnancies, and persistent discomfort can occur in women.
Chlamydia is easy to detect with a test, and easy to cure but younger adults must perform regular testing, as well as prevention methods to remain safe.